The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is an international standard that describes six levels of language ability, from A1 for beginners, up to C2 for those who have mastered a language:
|Basic level||A1: Beginner|
|Intermediate level||B1: Intermediate|
|Proficient level||C1: Advanced|
Watch this video to know more about the six CEFR levels:
The CEFR makes it easy for:
- language learners to know their language level and pick suitable courses,
- educators to create language programs and assist learners in their learning journey,
- educational institutions and employers to determine the language level of a candidate across countries.
How long does it take to advance one level in the CEFR system?
Many factors can influence how fast one person learns a foreign language: the type of instruction, the learning environment, if you already speak other related language(s), etc.
These are on average the number of hours of instruction (study and practice) that language learners need to get from one level to the next:
|Level of English||Hours of instruction|
|Zero to A1||70 hours|
|A1 to A2||150 hours|
|A2 to B1||300 hours|
|B1 to B2||200 hours|
|B2 to C1||200 hours|
|C1 to C2||200 hours|
For example, if your goal is getting to a B1 level of German and you start from zero, you will need 520 hours of instruction (70 + 150 + 300).
Learning a language takes dedication and time, but it is also a fun and enjoyable journey in which you can meet new people, learn about other cultures, and open many doors to career opportunities.
- Wikipedia: Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
- Guide to English Language Certificates
- German Language Certificate from Goethe Institut