The vocational training is a 2 to 3 year training that qualifies you for a specific profession.
- more practically-oriented than studies at university
- clearly structured and does not leave you as much freedom in the choice of courses.
There are two different kinds of vocational training:
- The dual/company-based training (betriebliche Ausbildung): Here you are already working and learning the practical parts of the job in a company while having corresponding theoretical courses in a vocational school (Berufsschule).
- The school-based training: This is mostly taking place in a vocational school (Berufsschule) and you gain practical experience through internships.
Before you start your training in a company, you will sign a contract that regulates your duties, rights and your remuneration. After finishing your vocational training, you might continue your qualification with studies. The company might also directly hire you as a regular employee after you finished your training with them.
How can I finance my vocational training?
During your company-based vocational training, you receive a training wage/remuneration from the company you are working for. For further financial support, you may also apply for vocational training assistance (Berufsausbildungsbeihilfe) from the Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit). If your training is school-based, you do not receive remuneration, but you may also receive BAföG and can apply for internships as well.
Find out more about the application procedure here.